America watched as hordes of rioters January 6 Capitol riot on January 6 — crushing through windows, pressing up stairways, and sending lawmakers and law enforcement running for their lives. The flood of protesters who streamed into the Capitol that day left federal authorities with an equally immense task: finding and charging those responsible.
The Department of Justice said more than 535 defendants had been arrested so far in connection with the attack, and FBI Director Christopher Wray said the federal law enforcement agency has “hundreds more investigations still ongoing,” including more serious charges still in store. “This is far from over,” Wray said.
Prosecutors have called the case “unprecedented” in scale, and the government said in a March court filing that the Capitol attack “is likely the most complex investigation ever prosecuted by the Department of Justice.”
As law enforcement continues to round up alleged rioters, here’s what CBS News has learned about those who were arrested:
More than 535 defendants have been arrested and 13 have pleaded guilty
Of the more than 535 defendants who have been arrested in connection with the riots, CBS News has reviewed court documents for 491 defendants’ cases that have been unsealed. Of those, at least 190 defendants were also indicted by grand juries.
So far, at least 13 defendants have pleaded guilty, including three Oath Keepers, all of whom have agreed to cooperate with the government. At least nine others have pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges, and one man who took a selfie in the Senate chamber pleaded guilty to obstruction of an official proceeding.
So far just one defendant, Anna Morgan-Lloyd, has been sentenced, to three years probation and no jail time.
For others, plea negotiations have been complicated by the vast amounts of evidence involved in the investigation.
Charges include assaults on officers, destruction of government property and conspiracy
The Justice Department said at least 165 defendants have been charged with assaulting, resisting, or impeding officers or employees, including more than 50 who were charged with using a deadly or dangerous weapon or causing serious bodily injury to an officer.
In total, CBS News has found that more than 150 officers were injured in the attack, according to sources on Capitol Hill and the Capitol Police union, as well as testimony from Metropolitan Police Chief Chief Robert Contee.
Approximately 40 defendants have been charged with conspiracy, a charge that alleges defendants coordinated with others to commit an offense. They include four alleged Three Percenters, 16 Oath Keepers who were indicted together in a single conspiracy case and 15 members or affiliates of the Proud Boys, who were charged in four separate conspiracy cases.
The Justice Department also said that almost 495 defendants were charged with entering or remaining in a restricted building or grounds. More than 55 were charged with entering the Capitol with a dangerous or deadly weapon, while around 35 were charged with theft of government property, the Department of Justice said.
More than 35 defendants have been charged with destruction of government property, and during proceedings for three of those defendants, the government has said their crimes amounted to “terrorism” — an allegation that is not itself a charge but could influence prison sentences if they are found guilty.
Dozens of defendants have served in the military
At least 55 of those arrested are current or former military members. Of those, one is an active duty service member, four are current part-time troops in the Army Reserve or National Guard and 50 previously served in the military, according to attorney statements, military service records and court documents obtained by CBS News.
At least 24 have served in the U.S. Marines, 21 have served in the Army, two served in the Navy and two served in the Air Force. One defendant, Jeffrey McKellop, was a communications sergeant with the Army Special Forces, a group known colloquially as the Green Berets.
The Army Reserve shared the following statement with CBS News: “The U.S. Army Reserve takes all allegations of Soldier or Army civilian involvement in extremist groups seriously and will address this issue in accordance with Army regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice to ensure due process. Extremist ideologies and activities directly oppose our values and beliefs and those who subscribe to extremism have no place in our ranks.”
At least 12 worked as law enforcement officers
At least 12 of those arrested were either former police officers or were employed as law enforcement officers at the time of the riot, according to court documents and employment records. Prosecutors also charged at least one current firefighter and one retired firefighter.
Of the six police officers employed at the time of the riot, at least five have since lost their jobs. Karol J. Chwiesiuk, a Chicago police officer who was arrested June 11 and accused of entering the Capitol building on January 6, was not fired but has been “relieved of his police powers,” a department spokesperson said. The Board of Supervisors in North Cornwall Township, Pennsylvania, voted June 1 to fire Joseph Fischer, a police officer who had been charged with, among other crimes, obstruction of law enforcement during civil disorder. Houston police officer Tam Dinh Pham and Monmouth County correctional police officer Marissa Suarez both resigned after they were arrested, and two Virginia police officers were fired after prosecutors charged them for their alleged conduct at the Capitol.
Prosecutors have charged at least one former police chief. Alan Hostetter was chief of the La Habra Police Department in California for eight months in 2010, according to the department, and prosecutors have charged him with conspiring to obstruct an official proceeding. Prosecutors have also charged former officers with the New York Police Department: Thomas Webster, who is accused of lunging at a Capitol police officer with a flagpole, and Sara Carpenter, whose arrest, an NYPD spokesperson said, was the culmination of the NYPD’s close work with the FBI Joint Terrorism Taskforce.
Nicholes Lentz — who the Florida Department of Law Enforcement said is a former officer in the North Miami Beach and Fort Pierce police departments — was charged after posting videos from inside the Capitol. In a video, he said, “We’re not here to hurt any cops of course. I love my boys in blue, but this is overwhelming for them.”
Authorities are still looking for hundreds of suspects
The Justice Department said June 4 that the FBI was still seeking the public’s help to identify more than 250 people believed to have committed assaults on police officers or other violent acts on the Capitol grounds.
FBI Director Christopher Wray said in March that citizens from around the country had sent the FBI more than 270,000 digital media tips.
The government said it has issued a combined total of over 900 search warrants and the investigation has included more than 15,000 hours of surveillance and body-worn camera footage from multiple law enforcement agencies. The government has also gathered approximately 1,600 electronic devices, the results of hundreds of searches of electronic communication providers, over 80,000 reports and 93,000 attachments related to law enforcement interviews and other investigative steps, authorities said in a filing.
Defendants have come from at least 45 states
The alleged rioters come from at least 45 states outside of Washington, D.C. Among those arrested whose home states were known, the most were from Florida, with at least 46 Floridians charged so far. Texas had at least 45 residents arrested, while Pennsylvania had at least 40 residents arrested and New York had at least 36.
Authorities have linked dozens of defendants to extremist groups
Authorities have connected at least 77 alleged rioters to extremist groups, including the Proud Boys, Oath Keepers, Three Percenters, Texas Freedom Force and the conspiracy ideology QAnon.
More than 50 women have been arrested
While those arrested in the January 6 mob were mostly men, at least 59 women have also been arrested for their alleged participation.
Defendants’ ages span six decades
Among the 158 defendants whose ages are known, the average age is 41. The youngest-known alleged rioter is 18-year-old Bruno Joseph Cua, whom prosecutors accused of assaulting an officer after he posted online, “President Trump is calling us to FIGHT!”
The oldest is Gary Wickersham, who, according to his attorney, is an 80-year-old Army veteran. Authorities said Wickersham walked through the Capitol during the siege and later told authorities he believed he was authorized to enter because he pays his taxes.
Recent updates on notable cases
A third member of the Oath Keepers has entered a guilty plea and agreed to cooperate with prosecutors investigating the January 6 Capitol riot. In pleading guilty, Mark Grods admitted to allegations that place him at the center of key claims in one of the highest profile conspiracy cases connected to the Capitol riot.
The House of Representatives approved a bill to create a select committee to investigate the attack, after Senate Republicans blocked a measure to form an independent commission last month.
The Justice Department released video evidence that was initially shown in court proceedings for two cases of alleged assaults on officers during the January 6 riot. The footage provides a new, up-close look at what officers experienced as they battled with the mob at the Capitol that day.
On June 23, a member of the Oath Keepers, Graydon Young, became the first defendant charged with conspiracy to plead guilty to charges stemming from the Capitol riot.
Paulina Smolinski contributed to this report.